File'e ferru is surely the best known
Sardinian distilled drink. It is made from selected marcs. "File'e ferru"
(distilled white spirit) is a typical drink from Oristano
and the inland villages. At the turn of the century, the "File'e Ferru" was subject to heavy taxation and in order to avoid paying
the producers often buried it to hide it from the tax men. The name "file'e
ferru" derives from the piece of iron wire which was used
to indicate where the spirit had been buried.
It is worth mentioning
another distilled spirt the famous grappa. The aroma and taste of
the Grappa depends on the grapes from which it derives. Vernaccia,
moscato, vermentino, cannonau and malvasia are all used to produce
grappa and are widely available.
Among the digestive liqueurs there are Mirto rosso which is made
from mirto berries alcohol, honey or sugar. "Mirto bianco" is a
delicate liqueur made from flower buds and alcohol. It has a
delicate taste and light green colour.
There is also Limonello
and Ficodindia which are made from alcohol, sugar or honey and
lemon peel in the case of "Limonello" and mature ficodindia in
the case of "Ficodindia".
Villacidro liqueur is made from an
ancient secret recipe. There are two types of "Villacidro" white
and yellow. The yellow type is made with saffron which despite
its oriental origins is grown in Sardinia.