The Rule of the Friars Minor
Bull of Pope Honorius III
Bishop, Servant of the servants of God,
to His Beloved Sons,
Brother Francis and the other brothers
of the Order of Friars Minor,
Health and Apostolic Benediction.
The Apostolic See is accustomed to grant the pious requests and
favorably to accede to the laudable desires of its petitioners. Therefore,
beloved sons in the Lord, attentive to your pious prayers, We confirm with
Our Apostolic Authority, and by these words ratify, the Rule of your Order,
herein outlined and approved by Our predecessor Pope Innocent of happy memory,
which is as follows:
In the name of the Lord!
The Life of the Friars Minor Begins:
The Rule and life of the Friars Minor is this: to observe the Holy Gospel
of Our Lord Jesus Christ by living in obedience, without anything of one's
own, and in chastity. Brother Francis promises obedience and reverence to
our Lord Pope Honorius and his successors canonically elected and to the
Roman Church. Let the other brothers be bound to obey Brother Francis and
Those Who Wish to Adopt This Life,
and How They Should be Received.
If there are any who wish to accept this life and come to our brothers,
let them send them to their provincial ministers, to whom alone and to no
others permission is granted to receive the brothers. Let the ministers
examine them carefully concerning the Catholic faith and the sacraments
of the Church. If they believe all these things, will faithfully profess
them, and steadfastly observe them to the end; and if they have no wives,
or if they have wives who have already taken a vow of continence and are
of such an age that suspicion cannot be raised about them, and who have
already entered a monastery or have given their husbands permission by the
authority of the bishop of the diocese, let the ministers speak to them
the words of the holy Gospel that they go and sell all they have and take
care to give it to the poor (cf. Mt 19:21/ /Mk 10:21/ /Lk 18:22). If they
cannot do this, let their good will suffice. Let the brothers and the minister
be careful not to interfere with their temporal goods that they may dispose
of their belongings as the Lord inspires them. If, however, counsel is sought,
the minister may send them to some God-fearing persons according to whose
advice their goods may be distributed to the poor.
Then they may be given the clothes of probation, namely, two tunics without
a hood, a cord, short trousers, and a little cape reaching to the cord,
unless, at times, it seems good to these same ministers, before God, to
act otherwise. When the year of probation has come to an end, let them be
received to obedience promising to observe always this Rule and Life. On
no account will it be lawful for them to leave this Order, according to
the decree of our Lord the Pope, for, according to the Gospel: no one who
puts a hand to the plow and looks to what was left behind is fit for the
kingdom of God (Lk 9:62).
Let those who have already promised obedience have one tunic with a hood
and another, if they wish, without a hood. And those who are compelled by
necessity may wear shoes. Let all the brothers wear poor clothes and they
may mend them with pieces of sackcloth or other material with the blessing
of God. I admonish and exhort them not to look down upon or judge those
whom they see dressed in soft and fine clothes and enjoying the choisest
food and drink, but rather let everyone judge and look down upon himself.
The Divine Office, Fasting
and How the Brothers should Go about in the World
Let the clerical brothers recite the Divine Office according to the rite
of the holy Roman Church excepting the psalter, for which reason they may
have breviaries. The lay brothers, however, may say twenty-four Our Father's
for Matins, and five for Lauds; seven for each of the Hours of Prime, Terce,
Sext, and None, twelve for Vespers, and seven for Compline. Let them pray
for the dead.
Let them fast from the feast of All Saints until the Lord's Nativity. May
those be blessed by the Lord who fast voluntarily during that holy Lent
that begins at the Epiphany and lasts during the forty days which our Lord
consecrated by His own fast (cf. Mt 4:2; Lk 4:2); but those who do not wish
to keep it will not be obliged. Let them fast, however, until the Lord's
Resurrection. At other times let them not be bound to fast except on Fridays.
During a time of manifest necessity, however, let not the brothers be bound
by corporal fast.
I counsel, admonish and exhort my brothers in the Lord Jesus Christ not
to quarrel or dispute or judge others when they go about in the world (cf.
2 Tim 2:14); but let them them be meek, peaceful, modest, gentle, and humble,
speaking courteously to everyone, as is becoming. They should not ride horseback
unless they are compelled by manifest necessity or infirmity. Into whatever
house they enter, let them first say: "Peace be to this house!"
(cf. Lk 10:5). According to the holy Gospel, let them eat whatever food
is set before them (cf. Lk 10:8).
Let the Brothers Never Receive Money
I strictly command all my brothers not to receive coins or money in any
way, either personally or through the medium of others. Nevertheless, let
the ministers and custodians alone take special care through their spiritual
friends to provide for the needs of the sick and the clothing of the others
according to places, seasons and cold climates, as they judge necessary,
saving always that, as stated above, they do not receive coins or money.
The Manner of Working
Let those brothers to whom the Lord has given the grace of working work
faithfully and devotedly that, avoiding idleness, the enemy of the soul,
they do not extinguish the Spirit of holy prayer and devotion to which all
temporal things must contribute.
In payment for their work they may receive whatever is necessary for the
bodily support of themselves and their brothers, excepting coin or money,
and let them do this humbly as is becoming for servants of God and followers
of most holy poverty.
Let the Brothers not Make Anything Their Own,
Begging Alms, the Sick Brothers
Let the brothers not make anything their own, neither house nor place nor
anything at all. As pilgrims and strangers in this world (cf. 1 Pet 2:11),
serving the Lord in poverty and humility, let them go seeking alms with
confidence, and they should not be ashamed because, for our sakes, our Lord
made Himself poor in this world (cf. 2 Cor 8:9). This is that sublime height
of most exalted poverty that has made you, my most beloved brothers, heirs
and kings of the Kingdom of Heaven, poor in temporal things but exalted
in virtue (cf.Jas2:5). Let this be your portion that leads into the land
of the living (cf. Ps 142:6 [V141:6]). Giving yourselves totally to this,
beloved brothers, for the name of our Lord Jesus Christ never seek anything
else under heaven.
Wherever the brothers may be and meet one another, let them show that they
are members of the same fmily. Let each one confidently make known his need
to the other, for if a mother loves and cares for her son according to the
flesh (cf. 1 Thes 2:7), how much more diligently must someone love and care
for his brother according to the Spirit! When any brother falls sick, the
other brothers must serve him as they would wish to be served themselves
(cf. Mt 7:12).
The Penance to be Imposed on the Brothers Who Sin
If any brother, at the instigation of the enemy, sin mortally in regard
to those sins concerning which it has been decreed among the brothers to
have recourse only to the ministers provincial, let him have recourse as
quickly as possible and without delay. If these ministers are priests, with
a heart full of mercy let them impose on him a penance; but, if the ministers
are not priests, let them have it imposed by others who are priests of the
Order, as in the sight of God appears to them more expedient. They must
be careful not to be angry or disturbed at the sin of another, for anger
and disturbance impede charity in themselves and in others.
The Election of the Minister General of This Fraternity
and the Chapter of Pentecost
Let all the brothers be bound to have always one of the brothers of this
Order as minister general and servant of the whole fraternity and let them
be strictly bound to obey him. When he dies, let the election of his successor
be made by the ministers provincial and custodians in the Chapter of Pentecost,
at which all the ministers provincial are bound to assemble in whatever
place the minister general may have designated. Let them do this once in
every three years, or at other longer or shorter intervals, as determined
by the aforesaid minister.
If, at any time, it appears to the body of the ministers provincial and
custodians that the aforesaid minister general is not qualified for the
service and general welfare of the brothers, let the aforesaid brothers
to whom the election is committed be bound to elect another as custodian
in the name of the Lord.
Moreover, after the Chapter of Pentecost, the ministers provincial and custodians
may each, if they wish and it seems expedient to them, convoke a Chapter
of the brothers in their custodies once in the same year.
Let the brothers not preach in the diocese of any bishop when he has opposed
their doing so. Let none of the brothers in any way dare to preach to the
people unless he has been examined and approved by the minister general
of this fraternity and the office of preacher has been conferred upon him.
Moreover, I admonish and exhort those brothers that when they preach their
language be well-considered and chaste (cf. Ps 12:7; 18:13) for the benefit
and edification of the people, announcing to them vices and virtues, punishment
and glory with brevity, because our Lord when on earth made 'a short word'
(cf. Rom 9:28).
The Admonition and Correction of the Brothers
Let the brothers who are the ministers and servants of the others visit
and admonish their brothers and humbly and charitably correct them, not
commanding them anything that is against their soul and our Rule. Let the
brothers who are subject, however, remember that, for God's sake, they have
renounced their own wills. Therefore, I strictly command them to obey their
ministers in everything they have promised the Lord to observe and which
is not against their soul or our Rule.
Wherever the brothers may be who know and feel they cannot observe the Rule
spiritually, they can and should have recourse to their ministers. Let the
ministers, moreover, receive them charitably and kindly and have such familiarity
with them that these same brothers may speak and deal with them as masters
with their servants, for so it must be that the ministers are the servants
of all the brothers.
Moreover, I admonish and exhort the brothers in the Lord Jesus Christ to
beware of all pride, vainglory, envy and greed, of care and solicitude for
the things of this world (cf. Mt 13:22; Lk 12:15), of detraction and murmuring.
Let those who are illiterate not be anxious to learn, but let them pay attention
to what they must desire above all else: to have the Spirit of the Lord
and His holy activity, to pray always to Him with a pure heart, to have
humility and patience in persecution and infirmity, and to love those who
persecute, reprove and censure us, because the Lord says: Love your enemies
and pray for those who persecute and calumniate you (cf.Mt5:44). BIessed
are those who suffer persecution for the sake of justice, for theirs is
the kingdom of heaven(Mt 5:10). But whoever perseveres to the end will be
saved (Mt 10:22).
The Brothers may not Enter the Monasteries of Nuns
I strictly command all the brothers not to have any suspicious associations
or conversations with women, nor to enter the monasteries of nuns, excepting
those brothers to whom special permission has been granted by the Aposto1ic
See; and not to be godfathers to men or women that scandal may not arise
among the brothers or concerning them because of this.
Those Going among the Saracens and Other Non-Believers
Let those brothers who wish by divine inspiration to go among the Saracens
or other non-believers ask permission to go from their ministers provincial.
The ministers, however, may not grant permission except to those whom they
see fit to be sent.
Finally I command the ministers through obedience to petition from our Lord
the Pope for one of the Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church, who would be
the governor, protector and corrector of this fraternity, so that, being
always submissive and subject at the feet of the same Holy Church and steadfast
in the Catholic Faith, we may observe poverty, humility and the Holy Gospel
of our Lord Jesus Christ as we have firmly promised.
It is forbidden, therefore, for anyone to tamper with this decree which
we have confirmed or rashly dare to oppose it. If anyone presume to attempt
this, let him know that he shall incur the anger of Almighty God and of
His blessed Apostles Peter and Paul.
Given at the Lateran, the twenty-ninth day of November, in the eighth year
of Our pontificate.
For information contact
P. MARCO TARCISIO MASCIA